Monkeypox: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
According to experts, monkeypox belongs to the orthopoxvirus family, which looks like smallpox. This also includes the Variola virus. Small pox is caused by this virus. Monkeypox in animals first appeared in the year 1958.
In the midst of the corona epidemic, the number of monkeypox patients is also increasing rapidly. Monkeypox has knocked in many countries of the world including India. It is an infectious disease, which is caused by contact with an infected person or animal.
According to experts, monkeypox belongs to the orthopoxvirus family, which looks like smallpox. This also includes the variola virus.
Small pox is caused by this virus. Monkeypox in animals first appeared in the year 1958. When monkeypox infection was found in monkeys. At the same time, in the year 1970, for the first time in humans, monkeypox was found in a child of Congo. Whereas, after the eradication of smallpox in the year 1980, it has emerged as a serious problem.
Since India has also found some patients with Monkeypox disease, Government of India formed a Task Force to closely monitor the emerging situation in the country and decide on response initiatives to tackle the spread of the disease.
How does Monkeypox spread?
Monkeypox spreads through contact with infected fluid from the body of an animal or person suffering from monkeypox, bites, touches, etc. In particular, it spreads more by rats, squirrels and monkeys. At the same time, there is a risk of monkeypox by touching the things kept around the person suffering from monkeypox. Apart from this, having a physical relationship with a person who is already suffering from monkeypox can also result.
What are the Symptoms of Monkeypox?
- muscle pain
- back pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
- skin eruption
- body rashes
- sore throat
- frequent coughing
- itching problem
How to prevent Monkeypox?
- Follow the guidelines issued by the government. If you are suffering from monkeypox, then definitely get the smallpox vaccine.
- To prevent infection, keep distance from the infected person. Do not panic if you see the symptoms of monkeypox, but contact the doctor immediately.
- Wash hands with soap and clean water after coming in contact with an infected person. Apart from this, make sure to use sanitizer. Do keep a sanitizer with you.
- Wear a mask while leaving the house.
What is the treatment of Monkeypox ?
There is currently no cure for monkeypox. Get vaccinated against smallpox if you have monkeypox. Keep in touch with the doctor.
What causes monkeypox?
According to WHO, Monkeypox is caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks.
Can monkeypox be treated?
No, There is no treatment specifically for monkeypox virus infections.
How do you get human monkeypox?
Monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact, including: Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox. Touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox.
How does monkeypox start?
Monkeypox starts with raised spots, which turn into small blisters filled with fluid.
How to prevent monkeypox?
- Avoid close skin-to-skin contact with an infected person
- Do not touch the rash or scabs of an infected person
- Wear gloves and a mask when caring for an infected person
- Do not share utensils, clothes, bedding etc.
- Dirty clothes can be washed in the washing machine with detergent